How Does a IUI Work In Surrogacy


Embarking on the journey to parenthood can be both exciting and challenging, especially when faced with infertility issues. At Gracious IVF, we are dedicated to providing you with the best possible care and support. One of the effective fertility treatments we offer is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). In this detailed guide, we’ll walk you through the IUI process, explain how it works, and discuss what you can expect at each stage.

What is IUI:

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is a type of artificial insemination that involves placing washed and concentrated sperm directly into a woman’s uterus around the time she is ovulating. The goal is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently enhance the chance of fertilization.

Who Can Benefit from IUI:

Unexplained Infertility: When no specific cause for infertility can be identified after thorough evaluation.
Mild Male Factor Infertility: Including low sperm count or poor sperm motility.
Cervical Mucus Problems: When the cervical mucus is too thick, hindering sperm movement.
Ejaculation Dysfunction: When the male partner has difficulty ejaculating or cannot ejaculate inside the vagina.
Mild Endometriosis: Endometriosis that is not severe enough to necessitate more invasive treatments.
Use of Donor Sperm: For single women, same-sex couples, or couples where the male partner has no viable sperm.

The IUI Process: Step by Step

  1. Initial Consultation and Evaluation

The journey begins with a comprehensive initial consultation and evaluation to determine if IUI is the right treatment for you. This step includes:

Medical History Review: Discussing your medical and fertility history.
Physical Examinations: Conducting a general physical and pelvic exam.
Blood Tests: Checking hormone levels and other relevant markers.
Ultrasound Examinations: Assessing ovarian reserve and uterine health.
Semen Analysis: Evaluating the sperm quality of the male partner.

  1. Ovulation Monitoring

Accurate timing is crucial for IUI. The ovulation process is carefully monitored through:

Ovulation Predictor Kits: These over-the-counter kits detect the surge in luteinizing hormone (LH) that precedes ovulation.
Blood Tests: Regular blood tests to measure hormone levels indicating impending ovulation.
Ultrasound: Tracking the growth and development of ovarian follicles.
Sometimes, fertility medications such as Clomiphene Citrate or Gonadotropins may be prescribed to stimulate the ovaries and ensure the release of one or more eggs, increasing the chances of success.

  1. Sperm Collection and Preparation

On the day of the IUI procedure, a semen sample is collected from the male partner or a sperm donor. The sample undergoes a meticulous preparation process:

Sperm Washing: This process separates healthy, motile sperm from the seminal fluid and any non-motile or abnormal sperm. It involves spinning the sample in a centrifuge and then rinsing it to concentrate the best sperm.
Concentration: The washed sperm is concentrated into a small volume to increase the number of sperm cells available for fertilization.

  1. Insemination Procedure

The IUI procedure itself is straightforward and usually painless:

Preparation: The woman lies on an examination table, and a speculum is inserted into the vagina, similar to a Pap smear.
Catheter Insertion: A thin, flexible catheter containing the concentrated sperm is gently passed through the cervix and into the uterus.
Sperm Injection: The sperm is slowly injected into the uterus, near the time of ovulation.
The entire procedure typically takes just a few minutes and involves minimal discomfort. After the procedure, the patient may be advised to lie down for a short period.

  1. Post-Procedure Care

Following the IUI, there are generally no significant restrictions on activities. However, some post-procedure care instructions may include:

Rest: Short rest period immediately after the procedure.
Avoiding Strenuous Activities: While normal activities can be resumed, it’s advisable to avoid heavy lifting or intense exercise for a day or two.
Monitoring for Symptoms: Any unusual symptoms, such as severe pain or bleeding, should be reported to the healthcare team immediately.

  1. Pregnancy Test

Approximately two weeks after the IUI procedure, a blood test is performed to check for pregnancy. This waiting period, often referred to as the “two-week wait,” can be emotionally challenging. Staying positive and maintaining open communication with your partner and healthcare team can be helpful.

Success Rates and Considerations:

The success rates of IUI vary based on several factors, including:

Age of the Woman: Younger women generally have higher success rates.
Underlying Infertility Issues: The specific causes of infertility can impact success.
Use of Fertility Medications: Medications can enhance success rates by ensuring ovulation.
On average, the success rate per IUI cycle ranges from 10% to 20%. Success rates may be higher for women under 35 and lower for women over 40. It’s common to require multiple IUI cycles to achieve a successful pregnancy.

Why Choose Gracious IVF for IUI:

At Gracious IVF, we combine advanced technology with compassionate, personalized care to support you throughout your fertility journey. Here’s why you should consider us for your IUI treatment:

Expertise and Experience: Our team of fertility specialists has extensive experience and a deep understanding of infertility treatments.
Personalized Treatment Plans: We tailor each treatment plan to your unique needs and circumstances, ensuring the best possible outcome.
State-of-the-Art Facilities: Our clinic is equipped with the latest technology and adheres to the highest standards of care.
Holistic Approach: We offer a holistic approach to fertility care, considering your physical, emotional, and psychological well-being.


Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) offers hope for many couples struggling with infertility. By understanding the process and what to expect, you can approach your treatment with confidence and optimism. At Gracious IVF, we are here to guide you through every step of your fertility journey, providing expert care and unwavering support. If you have any questions or wish to learn more about our IUI services, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

Frequently Asked Questions :

How is ovulation monitored during IUI?

Ovulation is monitored through various methods, including ovulation predictor kits, blood tests to measure hormone levels, and ultrasound examinations to track follicle development.

What happens during the sperm collection and preparation process?

The male partner or a sperm donor provides a semen sample, which undergoes a meticulous washing process in the laboratory to separate healthy, motile sperm from seminal fluid and other components.

Is the IUI procedure painful?

The IUI procedure is typically quick and minimally uncomfortable. Some women may experience mild cramping, similar to menstrual cramps, but this usually subsides quickly.

What are the success rates of IUI?

Success rates vary depending on factors such as age, underlying infertility issues, and the use of fertility medications. On average, the success rate per IUI cycle ranges from 10% to 20%.

How many IUI cycles might be needed to achieve pregnancy?

It’s common for couples to require multiple IUI cycles to achieve a successful pregnancy. The number of cycles needed varies depending on individual circumstances.

Leave A Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

WeCreativez WhatsApp Support
Our customer support team is here to answer your questions. Ask us anything!
👋 Hi, how can I help?